Rear Alleys & Lanes Service, Storage & Access

Rear alleys and lanes add significant value to neighborhoods by providing while hiding many of the unsightly but necessary elements of modern life, such as parking and utilities. Rear-facing garages create unbroken streetscapes, making them more visually appealing. Alleys are most common in urban locations; they are wider than the…

Read More

Street Trees Safety, Shade & Value

Street trees provide a natural border to street space, create shade for pedestrians, decrease traffic speed by creating a visual friction that results in more cautious driving, and increase property values. Ecologically, street trees reduce heat island effects and filter airborne particles and groundwater pollutants. In urban locations, shade streets…

Read More

Sidewalk Substitutes Keep Pedestrians On Street Level

Thought it may seem attractive, sidewalk substitutes such as overpasses should not be considered  a  viable  alternative  to an at grade sidewalk. Rather than protecting pedestrians from heavy traffic, they simply remove them entirely, allowing drivers to continue at high speeds, increasing the danger to pedestrians. Elevated crossings also weaken…

Read More

Sidewalks Wide & Shaded

Sidewalks are vital parts of streets. Other than rural roads and high-speed highways, all streets should have sufficient walking space. Urban areas require wider sidewalks to allow a constant flow of pedestrians and to encourage people to walk and explore local stores and services. Urban sidewalks should be at least 10 feet wide but can…

Read More

Block Size Walkable Places Rely On Walkable Blocks

Smaller blocks provide more travel choices, especially for pedestrians and bicyclists. In particular, the urban core of any city should have a high intersection-to-square-mile ratio. A typical residential neighborhood may have longer blocks. Intermediate pedestrian passages can break blocks and avoid an overly long street wall while also improving…

Read More

The Neighborhood The Core Of Communities

Generally speaking, development should be centered around the neighborhood. The well-designed community has specific features that permit for the greatest efficiency and usefulness, while also managing to create cohesive communities. It is usually designed to be compact, allowing for residents to move about freely. It must be pedestrian friendly, and…

Read More

Eyes On The Street Safer Streets With Natural Surveillance

Overall neighborhood safety is boosted not by high walls and closed fences, but by the sense of surveillance that doors, windows, and balconies provide. Referred to as natural surveillance, crime decreases when there is a feeling that someone may be watching. The “eyes on the street” of buildings should face…

Read More