Many of these islands, like much of Miami Beach and the Keys were artificially created. These islands don’t have naturally high elevations of hardwood uplands and are especially susceptible to sea level rise and punishing storms.
Public access to the water typically occurs through public parks and around bridges between islands. Barrier islands have spectacular views of the water; however, the waterfront is often accessible only from private lots, restaurants and resorts.
Resilience infrastructure, where it exists, is often in the form of built beaches, private seawalls, and pumping systems. Publicly funded improvements provide an opportunity to strengthen the islands while simultaneously increasing public access to the waterfront.Foca